Careers Information

Key questions

  • Who are the people with the knowledge and resources?
  • How do you gain access to these sources of knowledge and resources?

3.1 Introduction

In Unit 2, you were provided with another tool (the careers library) for use in building and expanding as a career guidance practitioner. This unit lets you experience the processes used to access people with resources, existing infrastructures and relationships, which you can use to prepare for your presentations in the assignment (PCAR04Y: Unit 4) and the Workshops/Exhibitions in PCAR053.

3.2 People with knowledge and resources

Your on-line careers information library from the previous unit includes a heading named Relationships. You should keep an ordered list of relationships and resources you can access and utilise for clients and for yourself. Any client’s interest can be connected to associations and people locally who know people in these careers.  Simply ask people to connect you as explained in the social networking processes of PCAR01V/103.

3.2.1 National resources accessible in each municipality or metro

PCAR04Y, Unit 3, Activity 1

Here are a few links that can serve as examples of national resources that should be represented in your ward, municipality or metro.  The sites are self-explanatory.  Help your career seekers to mobilize and access the people with these resources.

Government resources

Your local province publishes information about initiatives and invites career seekers to participate.

Your local municipality

Your local business chambers, and member sites like, and the

Do you see how business-networking organizations are growing across the country and the world?

  1. Add links similar to these in your own region and explain briefly, why you chose them, and in what way they can help you.  If the web information does not exist yet, use the links as guidelines to find similar information and the people who are appointed to drive the initiatives.  Simply help them and allow them to help you.  They have access to the resources that you require to do your job.
  2. Find local email addresses of representatives of these resources in these websites: (You will repeat the exercise once you are familiar with it to access many other people with resources from organizations, institutions and corporations.)
  3. Capture your personal experiences and discoveries from completing the above activities in your MiCareer Book for the CV exercises and as part of your assignments.
  4. Capture any important careers findings on your Blog or in your careers library for future reference.


Access, support and use this infrastructure of resources and leaders. The resources belong to the community and the people in the organisations serve the community. Help them do the work that is expected of them!  Civil, civic and business organisations have people who want to help and are ready if only they can reach the people. These people need to rely on people like you to mobilise and organise the community for them to meet the right people, in groups, that share common interests.

3.2.2 Professional bodies

All of the following professional bodies have representatives within academic institutions who assist people in accessing jobs.  They will also be able to assist you as career guide to find and explore the route that someone needs to take if he/she wishes to enter a specific job in that industry.

  • Career guidance practitioners
  • Teacher associations
  • Nursing associations
  • Accounting boards
  • Legal boards
  • Tourism boards
  • Information and communication technology associations

PCAR04Y, Unit 3, Activity 2

  1. Choose one of the above associations, identify Careers within them, and show where you found people willing to share information with you (Whether it is their knowledge, experience, or network) and explain how you would use these connections when serving future clients.
  2. Capture your personal experiences and discoveries from completing the above activities in your MiCareer Book for the CV exercises and as part of your assignments.
  3. Capture any important careers findings on your Blog or in your careers library for future reference..


These careers can be researched through their respective associations, federations, institutes, societies, etc. They can be approached to obtain advice and information about potential career opportunities within their respective fields. If you did not find adequate information at an academic institution, such as Unisa, do not hesitate to engage in a more thorough research about the specific topic. The knowledge can only stand you in good stead in future.

3.2.3 Helping career seekers gain access to institutions of higher learning


Local organizations that you as career guide can approach are:

  • CHE (Council on Higher Education)
  • SAQA (South African Qualification Authority)

Home based or community based training:

Work place training:

Further education and training:

There are also international organizations where one can study.  However, they have very strict admission requirements.  It is relatively easy to find information on any university or course by conducting a search on

PCAR04Y, Unit 3, Activity 3

  1. Choose a course of study required by a profession from the previous activity and find out what the admission requirements are, and how to apply for a bursary if available.  Choose one local university and one international one.  This is practice for assisting a client through the same process
  2. Capture your personal experiences and discoveries from completing the above activities in your MiCareerBook as part of your assignments.
  3. Capture any important careers findings on your Blog or in your careers library for future reference..

3.2.4 Career centres on the web

There are many career centres on the web. You will find them when working with Human Resource departments within companies. These sites and centres hold information about the jobs in the career seeker’s field as well as where to find them. If you can add value to people with this knowledge by introducing them to competent and willing people, you might be able to negotiate the payment of a percentage payable by the company or a placement agency.


Career information and support for students at:

Career centre:

Help the career seekers find centers relevant to their chosen work in selected industries.  Examples for:

3.2.5 Educational magazines and newspapers

All the information contained in educational magazines and newspapers can be found on the Internet with a little bit of effort.  Add these sites to your library as sites to consult when helping someone match their skills to a job.

Help the career seeker to match his/her interests to a job.  Keep in mind that they are the only experts on themselves.  The better you catalog your sites and information, the more effectively you will assist them to find their current ideal career.

PCAR04Y, Unit 3, Activity 4

  1. Open the Google web browser site
  2. Take the chosen profession from Activity 3 and find two educational magazine and newspaper sites using Google.  Use all the search tools that you have become familiar with to make your search more efficient.  For example, use Wikipedia to look up what accounting is all about (you might even find some very useful links on there).  Use this knowledge in your Google search.
  3. Capture your personal experiences and discoveries from completing the above activities in your MiCareerBook for the CV exercises and as part of your assignments.
  4. Capture any important careers findings on your Blog or in your careers library for future reference.


Try to let your career seekers do most of the search work.  They will probably recognise a useful site better that you can.  This is after all, their area of interest!

3.2.6 Companies/Corporations

Business entities want access to people for business and investment opportunities which will lead them to new and competent employees.  When your clients are ready and know where they want to become involved, you must use your skills to find the person a company or corporation that needs people with their specific credentials.  Then you must help them prepare a CV and arrange an appointment.

By now, you have practiced these skills extensively and now it is merely a matter of implementing them.  Remember previous activities and sites and list them in your on-line library for future use.  You can approach companies and corporations through business chambers to mobilize your career seekers.  You will do this in the assignment (Unit 4) of this module.

3.2.7 Embassies

Embassies have a lot of information about their country and their national universities. Their internal staff can also be helpful in finding jobs and identifying the skills and qualifications which their countries demand. Utilise your relationships with the local leaders (and business chambers) to make contact at an embassy. Instead of going directly to an embassy, you are making use of a trusted and reliable person/organisation and this will allow you access to further resources. Remember to take advantage of the people whose job it is to connect the community with the leaders and other resources.

Sometimes students want to know about overseas studies. Therefore, it is useful to keep information on overseas institutions. This information is freely available on the web on the homepage of each embassy. Make an appointment to see them in groups or invite them to your workshops.

Inform and invite embassies to your workshops as they have resources, both intellectual and financial, that they could provide you with.

3.3 Access to sources of information

In Section 3.2 you were presented with infrastructures and relationships that you will need to grow and help your career seekers.  This section helps you to prepare your presentation for gaining access to people with resources, existing infrastructures and relationships.

What follows is a guideline that you as career guide can follow to gain access to various sources of information.  Remember to establish and advertise yourself as on one of many career centres worldwide when making contact with job sites, associations and corporations.  Here is a tip on how to obtain access:

Workplace experience

Your goal is to access and mobilise people in your local business chambers who in turn must mobilise the local business community who they serve.  You want to provide your career seekers with the opportunity to gain workplace exposure and even arrange for first-hand experiences. Remember, once you have completed the career guidance process with your clients, they will be mobilised as career seekers.  This means that they have identified their passion, their talents, and skills and that their parents, family, friends and leaders are involved with them. The career seekers know their personal gaps that require additional training. Thus, the career seekers are engaged with programmes that will help them close the gaps and meet their future career goals.  They also know the gaps in the market which they can target and they have planned their strategies and tactics for access. Most businesses will gladly assist such people with workplace experience.

PCAR04Y, Unit 3, Activity 5

  1. What is workplace experience?  Examine the following websites about workplace experience.
  4. Follow this case study on work place experience.
  5. Guidelines on how to keep a work place experience log.
  6. How will these websites help your career seekers make the most of their workplace experience?  Compile a short checklist for your career seekers on what they should do during their workplace experience.
  7. Capture your personal experiences and discoveries from completing the above activities in your MiCareerBook for the CV exercises and as part of your assignments.
  8. Capture any important careers findings on your Blog or in your careers library for future reference.

3.4 Conclusion

In this unit, you have learnt how you can access people with knowledge and resources by adding value to them while taking your client to new heights. In the assignment, you will use the skills you have acquired during the course to access resources and information in collaboration with people in existing organisations and institutions. These processes can be repeated and expanded. The only limits you will encounter are those that you impose on yourself. You have the tools and the ability to make a viable difference with definite intent.

We congratulate you on moving on to the final unit in PCAR04Y where you share your experiences with local committees and cement your relationships with activists and champions.  In the assignment, you will make contact with business chambers and committees to gain access to business opportunities and workplace experience.  More importantly, these contacts will start growing your career guidance network and future business.

Key questions

  • Why should you keep all your careers information accumulated in this course?
  • How do you keep your careers information?


An abundance of work opportunities go begging because many potential takers do not know about them and/or do not have the competencies to take advantage of them. Information on these opportunities is available on the web and access is supported through associations, corporations, businesses and job agencies. Careers 24 is one of the sources of information and carrying out a general search on jobs in South Africa on will provide further information and contacts.

Remember, one can do the work of your choice in most industries. Most people have a passion and talents in a certain type of occupation rather than in a single industry. To add maximum value to your career seeker client, you need to accumulate information about all the industries you encounter on a continuous basis. The aim of this unit is to enable you, as a career guide, to start building an on-line library using the tools introduced in this unit. You will publish a version of this library to create an automatically updating on-line resource list for you and your fellow career guides to use, in order to provide an effective service.  Update your library with the new information found as a result of each new client.  Also, make use of the information obtained on your peers’ careers libraries.  In this way, you will have access to information on web sites, which are being updated by thousands of people worldwide!

After a few months, you will be able to function by yourself, with a wide variety of websites and diverse networks filed and documented in the shape of an on-line library.

The on-line careers library will form part of your on-line ‘exhibition’ supporting the careers workshop (your final assignment in Module 5).  This on-line exhibition has the potential to provide you with worldwide resources and audiences, which you can use to raise the level of awareness of local people regarding where and how they can benefit from international knowledge and opportunities.

Since the library is meant to communicate to teachers, parents and other potential pools of clients, it will make you visible to human resource companies, business chambers and many others.  It will assist you to earn placement fees that are paid by agencies and businesses for providing them with competent and willing people to work in their specific industry.

What you compile here is the first step towards a practical marketing approach. People will be able to view your library on-line and choose to buy your services. Remember you are now not only giving your client up to date opportunities, but you are indirectly starting a service, as your client will talk to others about his/her success due to your service. This markets your services. In your own time you might want to look at marketing strategies and possibilities on the web in general and on


You have already started to accumulate the necessary information in PCAR01V to PCAR03X.  Now you need to organise and adapt it to your situation and environment. PCAR04Y and PCAR053 will help you with the presentations and workshops by providing templates that you can adapt to local infrastructures, resources and organisations as career guidance entry-level stepping-stones.

However, let us focus on your first step to create your own on-line careers information library.  Remember to include local web sites and work access points to the library of information in order to prepare for up to date career exhibition workshops and career guidance relevant to the group or community with whom you are working.

Always remember to keep on updating and communicating!

Look at this very useful and thought-provoking site, used to organize practical libraries on-line.

PCAR04Y, Unit 2, Activity 1

  1. Open the Delicious online library
  2. You will find a careers library with a list of websites (some of them we have previously discussed in this course), but it also contains some new websites.  We will keep the careers.library list of bookmarks updated to keep you as career guide up to date with new tools and up to date information.  The aim of this activity is thus for you to register your own account.  Use the explanation on how to create and use a library on delicious, as a guideline and resource to create your own localized on-line careers library.
  3. The site has various tools to assist you in creating tags (categories to keep your related sites sorted) as well as tag bundles, which allow you to sort the tags into easily accessible and manageable units.  Use the Delicious online library and see what we have done there.  Remember that this is merely a guideline for you to use.
  4. This library also enables you to add people or other career guides to your network.  As a team of career guides, you can work together to keep each other updated and to provide support when working with clients.  Expand your local personal offer by using and applying all the web experience that you have gathered; register your own account with web site and start building on it.
  5. Delicious can become a very powerful filing and sharing tool which will keep you up to date with the newest and most relevant websites.  As a team, you can thus keep all the information up to date as well as help one another with queries and searches.
  6. Capture your personal experiences and discoveries while completing the above activities in your MiCareerBook for the CV exercises and assignments.


You are now ready to keep on building your own library, containing information for career access workshops and on how to help others create their own libraries of resources with opportunities for work access. The career workshops are intended to show the progression from the start of work access towards and including growth at work.  This process of progression is shown in PCAR01V through to PCAR053:

  • PCAR01V: Theme research: Personality, aptitude, interest, values and careers in which you create awareness, engage, explore, discover, plan.
  • PCAR02W: Data gathering, analysis and interpretation in which you prepare for communication.
  • PCAR03X: Parent, community, employer involvement and entrepreneurship in which you meet the people and practise communication.
  • PCAR04Y: Career path information and careers exhibition in which you prepare the story, exhibition and workshops for work access process.
  • PCAR053: Holistic approach to community based career guidance in which you connect people into learning, working and earning.

You can catalogue your library according to this progression.


Keep your libraries going and use it as an on-line exhibition, ready at a moment’s notice. It will help you with workshops and on-line exhibition preparation. It will grow into a formidable source of information that will, in time, enable you to help people on an on-line basis. This also enables you to help many people simultaneously.  The level of your network and your information foundation will determine your level of success.  You should therefore keep on growing your on-line library for as long as you are involved with career guidance.







This module will help you to organise and file the information that you have gathered during the course in an on-line, easy and accessible format, which can be updated. You should consider what you are going to do with the accumulated information and how you are going to present it. That is why we will introduce you to the on-line information library.  This library is as dynamic as the requirements of the people you are going to sell you services to. You can draw information from it and use the information library to keep yourself up to date and to build your own library.

In this module, we also help to identify and allow you to experience the processes used to access people with resources, existing infrastructures and relationships.  Now is the time to start drawing on the relationships, which you have developed over the last few months, and to benefit from them!  Congratulations on taking your first action steps towards contributing to others and growing your own income.

This module is short and filled with practical work that you will need to complete in order to do the presentations and workshops required by the assignment and PCAR053.  Have fun and remember the goals towards which you are striving.